Alcohol: misuse, addiction, and recovery
Alcohol, namely beer, wine, and liquor, is generally seen as a depressant. The chemical that makes beverages alcoholic is called “ethanol.” To make alcohol, you need to put grains, fruits or vegetables through a process called fermentation (when yeast or bacteria react with the sugars in food – the by-products are ethanol and carbon dioxide).
A large number of people have issues with both binge drinking and alcoholism, both of which can be successfully treated through the holistic program at BrightView which includes medications, therapy, and social support. There are actually 3 FDA approved medications to treat alcohol use disorder: naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram.
Medically, alcoholism is recognized when two or more of the following conditions are true for a person:
- They drink large quantities over a long time period
- They have difficulty tapering down
- Acquiring and drinking alcohol takes up a great deal of time
- They strongly desire alcohol
- Consumption of alcohol results in unfulfilled responsibilities
- Drinking causes or contributes to social problems
- Drinking results in health problems
- Alcohol usage results in negative situations
- Withdrawal occurs when stopping alcohol use
- Alcohol tolerance has occurred over time